MAPUTO, Mozambique’s National Hydrocarbon Company (ENH) has set up two subsidiaries to represent it in separate natural gas projects in the Rovuma Basin, off the coast of the northern province of Cabo Delgado.

One subsidiary, ENH Rovuma Area Um, will hold and manage the ENH participation in Rovuma Basin Area One, where the operator is the American company Anadarko. ENH has a 15 per cent holding in Area One. The other shareholders are Anadarko itself with 26.5 per cent, Japan’s Mitsui (20 per cent), PTTEP of Thailand (8.5 per cent), and the Indian companies ONGC (16 per cent), Bharat (10 per cent) and OIL (four per cent).

To date, 4.7 billion US dollars have been invested in Area One with Anadarko leading the project which envisages setting up gas liquefaction trains in the Afungi Peninsula, in Palma district, with each producing six million tonnes of liquefied natural gas (LNG) a year.

The second subsidiary is ENH FLNG Um, which will represent ENH in the projects in the Coral Sul gas field in Rovuma Basin Area Four. Here the operator is the Italian energy company ENI, through its subsidiary ENI East Africa, with a participation of 70 per cent, while 10 per cent is held by ENH, and ten per cent each by the Portuguese company Galp, and Kogas of the Republic of Korea.

The ENI East Africa stake is divided into 20 per cent for the Chinese company CNPC, and 50 per cent for ENI, which has signed an agreement to sell half of this to the US company ExxonMobil for 2.8 billion dollars � which is almost exactly what has already been invested in Area Four.

ENI plans to set up a floating LNG plant above the Coral Sul field to produce about 3.3 million tonnes of LNG a year. A deal has already been signed with BP to buy all the LNG produced at this floating facility.

An ENH media statement issued here Tuesday said the setting up of the two subsidiaries complies with the international standards of the petroleum industry which demand the creation of specific vehicles to make operational each project finance, so as to isolate the financial risk of the project. Only the revenues generated by the undertaking should be called upon to service the debt.