Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi has promised his Rwandan counterpart, President Paul Kagame, that Mozambique will not allow its territory to be used for acts of destabilisation against Rwanda.

Kagame arrived in Maputo on Monday for a two-day state visit to Mozambique, and the question of extraditing those Rwandans complicit in the 1994 genocide who have taken refuge in Mozambique was high on his agenda.

According to official estimates, there are about 3,000 Rwandans, mostly refugees and asylum seekers, currently living in Mozambique. Most of the Rwandan community are not involved in political activities, and a good number have become successful traders.

However, the Rwandan government has a list of 12 individuals, believed to be living in Mozambique, who were allegedly involved in the genocide, in which around 800,000 people, mostly from the Tutsi ethnic group, were murdered.

Speaking to the media after talks between delegations headed by the two presidents Monday, Mozambican Foreign Minister Oldemiro Baloi said “extradition has two fundamental components, political and legal, which require careful examination”.

“The two countries are doing this together, in order to meet the requirements which will allow extradition,” he added.

During the talks the two delegations looked at the sectors in which Mozambique and Rwanda could cooperate, including politics and diplomacy, justice, agriculture, mineral resources and tourism.

Baloi recalled that a general co-operation agreement between the two countries was signed in 1990, which set up a Joint Co-operation Commission. However, this commission has never met.

The agreement was signed before the genocide, and when the Hutu supremacist regime of Juvenal Habyarimana was still in power. At the time the war of destabilization was still raging in Mozambique. Taken together, these factors ensured that the agreement was a dead letter.

Nyusi and Kagame agreed to revive the joint commission, and its meeting is scheduled to be held in early 2017 in Rwanda.

Baloi said the two sides also agreed to formalize their existing political consultations, at the African Union, the United Nations and other international bodies. Up to now, these consultations have been informal, but the new agreement between the two countries includes this type of activity.