Mozambique: Nyusi Opens Conference On Employment Policy

Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi declared on Monday that the country faces the enormous challenge of finding jobs for its young people, in a demographic situation where 70 per cent of the population is under 35 years old.

These were “talented, motivated and energetic young people”, and employment opportunities had to be found for them.

Nyusi was speaking at the opening of a National Conference in Maputo held to validate the government’s Draft Employment Policy.

“The globalization of the economy is continuing to cause socio-economic and political impacts on the world of labour, and thus challenges societies”, said the President. “The advance of technology with direct effects on productive industry is imposing new demands on societies, particularly for raising the levels of productivity”.

Nowadays, Nyusi continued, companies become competitive “by investing as a priority in human capital, in technological innovation, and in new processes of labour organization, production and business management”.

The need for increased production and productivity “continually obliges companies to modernize their productive systems and processes”.

This brought “new challenges for workers, from whom renewed skills are demanded and permanent adaptation to the new realities of the labour market”.

It was only through “permanently learning and re-learning” throughout their working careers that workers could hope to be absorbed by the market.

Employment, Nyusi said, was not only a right of citizens but also “one of the visible face of access to wealth and to social inclusion”.

Since it is quite impossible to employ everyone in the formal, waged sector of the economy, he promised that “the government will continue to adopt measures that stimulate self-employment and the creation and flourishing of micro, small and medium enterprises”.

For his part, the chairperson of the National Youth Council (CNJ), Manuel Formiga, said that the employment policy must be able to respond to the current levels of unemployment which affect the greater part of the Mozambican population.

“There remain difficulties in obtaining jobs, since people do not possess technical skills in some areas”, said Formiga. “We hope this draft policy brings results for our young people”.

During the Conference, the country’s main trade union federation, the OTM (Mozambican Workers’ Organisation) called for the establishment of a form of unemployment benefit, which would create programmes of social and financial assistance for workers who lose their jobs without just cause.

The government document submitted to the conference, based on the household budget surveys undertaken by the National Statistics Institute (INE), claimed that the unemployment rate had risen from18.7 per cent in 2004 to 25.3 per cent in 2015. For teenagers (between the ages of 15 and 19), the unemployment rate is 48.7 per cent

Providing employment is a major headache, particularly as the population is expected to growing at the rate of 2.3 per cent a year between now and 2050.

The draft employment policy will now go before the country’s parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, for final approval.

Source: Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique