Mozambique: Gamito Reappointed Head of Constitutional Council

Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi on Monday reappointed Hermenegildo Gamito as chairperson of the Constitutional Council, the country’s highest body in matters of constitutional and electoral law.

Gamito was first appointed to the post by Nyusi’s predecessor, Armando Guebuza, in 2011, after the resignation of Luis Mondlane.

Mondlane resigned after he was accused of serious abuse of funds. This case has never come to court and Mondlane continues to sit on the Supreme Court.

Although he has a law degree, Gamito’s background is essentially in banking. Before taking up his position at the head of the Constitutional Council he was chairperson of the boards of First National Bank (FNB)-Mozambique and of the Mozambique Insurance Company. He was the chairperson of the Mozambican Association of Banks, and a member of the board of the mobile phone company, Vodacom.

Gamito also sat in the country’s parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, as a deputy for the ruling Frelimo Party from 1995 to 2004.

The term of office of the chairperson of the Constitutional Council is for five years, and may be renewed. The dispatch from Nyusi’s office simply said he had decided to reappoint Gamito because his first five year term had expired.

Six other judges sit on the Council. One is appointed by the Supreme Council of the Judicial Magistracy, the regulatory and disciplinary body for judges, while the other five are appointed by the Assembly of the Republic, in accordance with the number of seats held by each party.

In practice, this means that the Frelimo parliamentary group appoints three members of the Council, while the main opposition party, the rebel movement Renamo, appoints two.

Source: Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique