MIGRATION FROM COUNTRYSIDE HINDERS URBAN MANAGEMENT IN MOZAMBIQUE

The flow of people from the countryside to the cities is hindering urban management in Mozambique, warns Minister of State Administration Carmelita Namashalua.

Addressing the opening of the First National Urban Forum here Wednesday, Namashalua said urbanization had picked up pace as a result of the war which raged in Mozambique throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. The forum was attended by mayors of Mozambican municipalities, as well as representatives of private business and civil society.

The Minister noted that in a short space of time, the urban population grew by 26 per cent, and the urban administration proved unable to cope with this challenge. “This situation caused a rapid increase in informal settlements, greater pressure on basic services, such as health, water and sanitation, and education, and phenomena such as unemployment and crime emerged,” she added.

In addition, Mozambique is highly vulnerable to natural disasters, Namashalua said. Disasters such as floods and cyclones are responsible for the loss of around two per cent of gross national product (GNP) per year.

The Minister stressed that municipalities needed to improve their infrastructure, in order to reduce the likely damage from disasters, particularly in light of climate change, which will increase still further the country’s vulnerability.

Source: NAM NEWS NETWORK.